WHAT IS REGULATION?
What is regulation? Simply put, regulation is a rule or directive made and maintained by an authority’ This generally refers to the law set up by government or an organization in order to regulate behavior of the public. The regulations encompass every aspect of society including social constructs, legislation, policy and much more.
WHY WE NEED THOSE REGULATION?
Why do we need regulation? Regulation is needed in order to protect the legitimate interests of business and the community. With the development of human society, the level of science and technology is constantly improving, and the level of medical treatment is constantly improving. The average life span of human beings is increasing and so is the world population. Since 1970, the world population has doubled, the global economy has quadrupled, and international trade has increased tenfold. If there is no regulation, people can do whatever they want to do, which will have negative effects on the community. Global forests are being cut down at an alarming rate to feed this emerging world, especially in the tropical regions. (McManus, 2014) Without any regulation to limit human’s logging activities, the endless logging will cause a rapid decrease in the area of tropical forests, and large amounts of carbon dioxide released by human’s activities to nature cannot be absorbed. The drink driving problem is a very specific example to prove that our community needs regulation. Any alcohol at all will affect your ability to drive, which means a higher accident rate after drinking. If there are no laws or regulations to prohibit drink driving behavior, people drink and drive may be harmful to themselves, others and even the whole community. Also, back to our main topic-‘wastewater’, if there is no regulation for the discharge of wastewater, people may discharge wastewater directly into the pure water resources for their own personal benefit, causing great pollution to the environment and even affecting our drinking water resources. Such actions are also against the requirement of Sustainable Development Goals.
HOW TO USE REGULATION FOR WASTEWATER?
The formation of a detailed regulation and the type of regulation needed are two very important factors in wastewater management. First of all, one of the most important tasks is to update the past legislation. Most of the legislation regarding wastewater was implemented many years ago. However, as time went on, the population grew rapidly, which increased the water supply and the production of wastewater. As such, most of the old legislation policies would not be able to meet the needs of today’s communities. Therefore, it is very necessary to maintain and update the legislation of wastewater frequently to meet the needs of today’s communities. Secondly, popularization also plays an important role in wastewater treatment management. By popularizing the wastewater legislation, more and more people can understand the importance of wastewater treatment. Furthermore, they will be aware of the expectations regarding wastewater management. During the popularization, as some legislations are too vague, they need to be well defined to provide a clear explanation. Besides that, it is necessary to have a specific legislation for different industry. For example, for some restaurant-intensive areas in urban side of a city, most of the wastewater produced in these areas come from the kitchen of the restaurant, which is mixed with a lot of kitchen waste. Those wastewater need to be treated with conventional wastewater treatment before it can be discharged into the nature. However, some wastewater produced by some industries contain harmful ingredients, which will cause serious harm to the living below water. These wastewater cannot be treated by normal methods, but need to go through special procedures. At this situation, Waste Resources Management Division need to implement governmental policy of water protection and pollution prevention. Wastewater from these industries cannot be concentrated together with ordinary living wastewater. Those industries must be strictly monitored to discharge wastewater. The different legislation for different areas and different treatment for different wastewater meets the Sustainable Development Goals No.6-‘Clean water and sanitation’ and No.14-‘Lifes below water’. One last thing is about the communication between government and industry. The laws about environmental protection, environmental impacts and entrepreneur control are very complex and too many people and organization are involved in this. Therefore, the communication among industry, government and the corresponding organization can more effectively help the government to develop wastewater regulations and establish a detailed law system of wastewater and even the environment protection. The cooperation between government and industries meets the Sustainable Development Goals-‘Partnership for the goals’.
As the growing wastewater amount causing by the growing population is affecting our life at any time. Therefore, how to manage wastewater treatment is an important part of government work. At the same time, the government cannot work without the support of citizens. Better communication between organizations and governments and popularize the regulation in more detail are the best solution in wastewater treatment management.
McManus, P. (2014). Defining sustainable development for our common future: a history of the World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission). Australian Geographer, 45(4), 559-561. doi: 10.1080/00049182.2014.953722